The Definition of Recount Text

Posted by Ubaydillah Ibnu Sholihin Monday, 26 January 2015 0 comments
The Definition of Recount Text

1.   The Meaning of Recount
Recount is the text telling the reader what happened. It retells a past event. It begins by telling the reader who was involved, what happened, where this event took place and when it happened (Pardiyono, 2007: 63). At an Online Education Journal, writing recount is said that it may be a reorientation at the end. It summarizes the event in the order in which they happened (chronological order). Recount is written to retell events with the purpose of either informing or entertaining their audience (or both). 


2.   Purpose
Derewianka (2004: 18) states that the purpose of a recount is to list and describe past experiences by retelling events in the order in which they happened (chronological order). To achieve its purpose, the text will move through a different set of stages: a) an orientation letting the reader knows who is involved, where, when, etc. b) the retelling of a series of events in chronological sequence. Recounts are written to retell events with the purpose of either informing or entertaining their audience (or both). Frequent use is made of words, which link events in time, such us next, after, when then, after, before, first, at the same time. It describes events, so plenty of use is made of verbs (action words), and of adverbs (which describe or add more details are often chosen to add interest or humor to the recount).
3.   Types of Recount
a.    Personal Recount
These usually retell an event that the writer was personally involved in.
b.   Factual Recount
Recording an incident, e.g. a science experiment, police report.
c.    Imaginative Recount
Writing an imaginary role and giving details of events, e.g. A day in the life of a pirate.
4.   Features of Recounts and Conventions
The recount has a title, which summarizes the text. Past tense verbs are used, and frequent use is made of words which link events in time, such as next, later, when, then, after, before, first. Recounts describe events, so plenty of use is made of verbs (action words), and of adverbs (which describe or add more detail to verbs).
5.   Structure
The recount has a title, which usually summaries the text specific participants (Mum, the crab). The basic of recount consist of three parts:
a.    The setting or orientation – background information answering who? when? where? And why
b.   Events are identified and described in chronological order.
c.    Concluding comments express a personal opinion regarding the events described.
6.   The Example of Recount Text
The sample text of Recount such as Newspaper reports, diary entries, interviews, conversation, letters. This sample recount is labeled to show you the structure and language features of a recount text. (source: Derewianka, 2004: 16” Exploring How Texts Work”)

Please read also Definition of Speaking Skill

REFERENCES

Derewianka, Beverly. (2004). Exploring How Texts Work. Australia: Primary English Teaching Association. Get the Book Here
Pardiyono. 2007. Pasti Bisa!! Teaching Gendre-Based Writing. Yogyakarta: C.V Andi Offset. Get the Book Here
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Judul: The Definition of Recount Text
Ditulis oleh Ubaydillah Ibnu Sholihin
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